The genotoxicity of dimethylamine (DMA) was investigated in the D7 strain of Saccharomyces cerevisiae. DMA was able to induce mitotic gene conversion and point reverse mutation in the presence of metabolic activation (S9 fraction). To study the co-mutagenicity/co-carcinogenicity or toxicity of DMA, changes in xenobiotic metabolizing enzymes were studied in purified microsomes from DMA-induced mice or rats receiving a single or three consecutive doses (25 or 50 mg/kg body wt). Pentoxyresorufin O-dealkylase (class IIB1 P450, PROD), ethoxyresorufin O-deethylase (IA1, EROD) and p-nitrophenol hydroxylase (IIE1, pNPH) were all affected by DMA treatment with a loss of activity of 62, 55 and 54% in the mouse, or 64, 25 and 56% in the rat for PROD, EROD and pNPH activities, respectively, at the highest tested dose. No significant alteration of P450 IIIA-like activity was seen. Results indicated that the metabolites of DMA induced genetic activity in yeast. In addition, a clear non-specific hepatotoxic effect was recorded as a significant reduction in activity of the selected monooxygenases.
|Number of pages||4|
|Publication status||Published - 1993|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis