Mutations in SCN1A gene have been associated with the spectrum of generalized/genetic epilepsy with febrile seizures plus. Recently, databases reporting SCN1A mutations and clinical details of patients have been created to facilitate genotype- phenotype correlations, actually not completely defined, particularly if a specific mutation underlies phenotypes. We report on a group of 15 patients with clinical features of GEFS+ (3), classical (7), or borderline severe myoclonic epilepsy of infancy (5), in whom genetic analysis of patients and parents and follow-up period were performed to establish genotype-phenotype correlations, to enrich literature and databases data. We found 11 pathogenic mutations (5 novel: c.80 G>C exon 1; c.187 T>C exon 1; c.3061 G>T exon 16; c.4297 G>A exon 22; c.5579 delA ins TCTCC exon 26) and 4 novel nucleotidic variants (IVS5+38 C>T intron 5; IVS8-19 C>T intron 18; c.4945 C>T exon 25; c.5127 C>A exon 26). Paternal inheritance was observed in 4/4 cases.
- Dravet syndrome
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Neurology
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health