To clarify the importance of ethnic and geographic factors in chronic active hepatitis (CAH), HBV markers and autoantibodies (AMA, ANA, SMA), have been compared in 158 patients with biopsy-proven CAH from New York City and in 92 patients with CAH from Milan. HBsAg-positive CAH was more frequently observed in Milan (49%) than in New York City (27%). However, among HBsAg-positive patients, HBcAg, HBeAg, and epidemiologic risk factors for acquisition of HBV infection were more frequently found in New York than in Italy. The prevalence of HBsAg-negative, anti-HBc-positive CAH and cryptogenic CAH was similar in the two cities, while autoimmune CAH was more frequently observed in New York (20%) than in Milan (2%). In particular, the prevalence of autoimmune hepatitis was higher among Jewish patients than among patients of Anglo-Saxon or Latin ethnic background in New York. Thus, environmental and/or ethnic factors may influence the prevalence of the four major types of CAH.
|Number of pages||6|
|Publication status||Published - 1982|
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