GH responses to 2 consecutive bouts of respiratory muscle endurance training in obese adolescents and adults

A. Sartorio, F. Agosti, A. Patrizi, G. Tringali, S. G. Cella, A. E. Rigamonti

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Repeated bouts of GH-releasing stimuli (both pharmacological and physiological, such as aerobic exercise) at 2-h intervals are associated with a blunting of somatotropic responsiveness in normal adults, while a persistent GH responsiveness to consecutive stimuli is reported to occur in children and adolescents. Recently, a single bout of respiratory muscle endurance training (RMET) by means of a specific commercially available device (Spiro Tiger ®) has been shown to induce relevant GH responses in both normal-weighted and obese adult subjects. The aim of the present study was to evaluate GH responses to repeated bouts of RMET in obese adolescents and adults. Seven obese male adolescents (age: 15.7±0.4 years; body mass index, BMI: 38.0±3.3 kg/m2) and 10 obese adults (age: 22.2±1.4 years; BMI: 39.9±1.0 kg/m2) underwent an incremental progressive RMET protocol of 11 daily sessions. Blood samplings for GH determinations were collected during the 12th session, which was composed of 2 consecutive bouts of RMET (of identical intensity and duration: 1 min at a respiration rate of 28 acts/min, 5 min at 32 acts/min, 5 min at 34 acts/min, 4 min at 36 acts/min) at a 2-h interval in-between. Baseline GH levels significantly increased after the first bout of RMET in all subjects, higher GH peaks being found in obese adults than in obese adolescents (peaks: 14.3±2.1 ng/ml vs. 4.8±1.6 ng/ml, respectively, p

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)688-693
Number of pages6
JournalHormone and Metabolic Research
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 2013


  • GH
  • obesity
  • repeated bouts
  • respiratory muscle endurance training

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Endocrinology
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Biochemistry, medical
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism


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