Giant central N20-P22 with normal area 3b N20-P20: An argument in favour of an area 3a generator of early median nerve cortical SEPs?

Massimiliano Valeriani, Domenico Restuccia, Vincenzo Di Lazzaro, Domenica Le Pera, Massimo Scerrati, Pietro Tonali, François Mauguìere

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Generators of early cortical somatosensory evoked potentials (SEPs) still remain to be precisely localised. This gap in knowledge has often resulted in unclear and contrasting SEPs localisation in patients with focal hemispheric lesions. We recorded SEPs to median nerve stimulation in a patient with right frontal astrocytoma, using a 19-channel recording technique. After stimulation of the left median nerve, N20 amplitude was normal when recorded by the parietal electrode contralateral to the stimulation, while it was abnormally enhanced in traces obtained by the contralateral central electrode. The amplitude of the frontal P20 response was within normal limits. This finding suggests that two dipolar sources, tangential and radial to the scalp surface, respectively, contribute concomitantly to N20 generation. The possible location of the N20 radial source in area 3a is discussed. The P22 potential was also recorded with increased amplitude by the central electrode contralateral to the stimulation, while N30 amplitude was normal in frontal and central traces. We propose that the radial dipolar source of P22 response is independent from both N20 and N30 generators and can be located either in 3a or in area 4. This report illustrates the usefulness of multichannel recordings in diagnosing dysfunction of the sensorimotor cortex in focal cortical lesions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)60-67
Number of pages8
JournalElectroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology - Evoked Potentials
Volume104
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1997

Keywords

  • area 3a
  • giant SEPs
  • N20
  • somatosensory evoked potentials
  • tumour

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Neuroscience(all)

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