Background The Glasgow prognostic score (GPS) is an inflammation-based score based on albuminemia and C-reactive protein concentration proved to be associated with cancer-specific survival in several neoplasms. The present study explored the immediate postoperative value of the GPS for patients undergoing pneumonectomy for lung cancer. Methods The value of the GPS preoperatively was studied in 250 patients undergoing pneumonectomy for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). We analyzed overall postoperative complications, pulmonary and cardiac complications, 30-day postoperative death, reoperation for early complications, intensive care unit (ICU) length of stay and total length of hospital stay. Results Patients with a GPS of 0 and 1 had a mean ICU length of stay of 0.8 days, whereas patients with a GPS of 2 had a mean ICU stay of 5.0 days (p = 0.004). The postoperative mortality rate in patients with a GPS of 2 was much higher than in patients with a GPS of 1 and 2, although it was not statistically significant (p = 0.083). Conclusions A preoperative GPS of 2 effectively predicts a prolonged ICU stay in patients who undergo pneumonectomy for cancer. The score may be proposed as an easy-to-determine, economical, and fast preoperative tool to plan and optimize ICU admissions after elective pneumonectomy.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine