Glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) and neurturin (NTN) are related growth factors which exert trophic effects on several neuronal populations and developing kidney. GDNF-family ligands interact with membrane receptors designated GFRalphas which, in turn, mediate stimulation of the Ret receptor tyrosine kinase. Here we show that Ret, GFRalpha-1 (the GDNF receptor), and GFRalpha-2 (the NTN receptor) are expressed by testicular germ cells, while GDNF and NTN are expressed by Sertoli cells. Both GDNF and NTN stimulate DNA synthesis in spermatogonia. Furthermore, Ret, ligands and co-receptors are expressed in germ cell tumors. Thus, GDNF-family ligands may act as paracrine factors in spermatogenesis and this circuit may be active in germ cell tumors.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||International Journal of Oncology|
|Publication status||Published - Apr 2000|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research