Insulin stimulates caveolin-1 and eNOS phosphorylation. The sulfonylurea glimepiride mimics several insulin actions by mechanisms that are poorly understood. Glimepiride induces caveolin-1 phosphorylation and activates PI3K and Akt in rat adipocytes. In this paper, we investigated the effect of glimepiride on eNOS activation in human endothelial cells. We found that glimepiride induces caveolin-1 and eNOS phosphorylation. To better understand the role of caveolin-1 in glimepiride action, we downregulated caveolin-1 expression by specific siRNA transfection. Caveolin-1 silencing did not change eNOS and Akt phosphorylation induced by glimepiride. On the contrary, LY294002, a specific PI3K inhibitor, blocked eNOS serine 1177 phosphorylation. These findings suggest that glimepiride induces eNOS phosphorylation in endothelial cells through an Akt-dependent mechanism, not regulated by caveolin-1.
|Number of pages||4|
|Journal||Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications|
|Publication status||Published - Sep 30 2005|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology