Gliomagenesis: A game played by few players or a team effort?

Stefania Mazzoleni, Rossella Galli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) represents the most aggressive and deadliest brain tumor of adults. To date, cell heterogeneity within GBM has been explained by the "hierarchical" model of tumorigenesis, aka the "cancer stem cell" hypothesis. In agreement with this model, only rare tumor cells, namely the cancer stem cells (CSCs), are responsible for GBM initiation and, as such, are considered the favored target of therapy. However, multiple evidence has recently indicated that tumor-initiating cells (TICs) may not represent a restricted and infrequent GBM component; rather, they might constitute most of the cells within the tumor bulk. Here we review several studies that recently shed new light on the process of gliomagenesis. We critically analyze the methodological inconsistencies and drawbacks that are causing protracted controversy in the field. Finally, we discuss the clinical implications and the novel therapeutic scenarios that have been put forward by the presence of functionally and molecularly distinct subpopulations of GBM-initiating cells within the same tumor.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)205-213
Number of pages9
JournalFrontiers in Bioscience - Elite
Volume4 E
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2012

Keywords

  • Glioblastoma
  • Gliomagenesis
  • Multiforme
  • Review
  • Tumor Heterogeneity
  • Tumor-Initiating Cells

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Immunology and Microbiology(all)
  • Medicine(all)

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