Global, regional, and national disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) for 306 diseases and injuries and healthy life expectancy (HALE) for 188 countries, 1990-2013: Quantifying the epidemiological transition

Christopher J L Murray, Ryan M. Barber, Kyle J. Foreman, Ayse Abbasoglu Ozgoren, Foad Abd-Allah, Semaw F. Abera, Victor Aboyans, Jerry P. Abraham, Ibrahim Abubakar, Laith J. Abu-Raddad, Niveen M. Abu-Rmeileh, Tom Achoki, Ilana N. Ackerman, Zanfina Ademi, Arsène K. Adou, José C. Adsuar, Ashkan Afshin, Emilie E. Agardh, Sayed Saidul Alam, Deena AlasfoorMohammed I. Albittar, Miguel A. Alegretti, Zewdie A. Alemu, Rafael Alfonso-Cristancho, Samia Alhabib, Raghib Ali, François Alla, Peter Allebeck, Mohammad A. Almazroa, Ubai Alsharif, Elena Alvarez, Nelson Alvis-Guzman, Azmeraw T. Amare, Emmanuel A. Ameh, Heresh Amini, Walid Ammar, H. Ross Anderson, Benjamin O. Anderson, Carl Abelardo T Antonio, Palwasha Anwari, Johan Arnlöv, Valentina S Arsic Arsenijevic, Al Artaman, Rana J. Asghar, Reza Assadi, Lydia S. Atkins, Marco A. Avila, Baffour Awuah, Victoria F. Bachman, Alaa Badawi, Maria C. Bahit, Kalpana Balakrishnan, Amitava Banerjee, Suzanne L. Barker-Collo, Simon Barquera, Lars Barregard, Lope H. Barrero, Arindam Basu, Sanjay Basu, Mohammed O. Basulaiman, Justin Beardsley, Neeraj Bedi, Ettore Beghi, Tolesa Bekele, Michelle L. Bell, Corina Benjet, Derrick A. Bennett, Isabela M. Bensenor, Habib Benzian, Eduardo Bernabé, Amelia Bertozzi-Villa, Tariku J. Beyene, Neeraj Bhala, Ashish Bhalla, Zulfiqar A. Bhutta, Kelly Bienhoff, Boris Bikbov, Stan Biryukov, Jed D. Blore, Christopher D. Blosser, Fiona M. Blyth, Megan A. Bohensky, Ian W. Bolliger, Berrak Bora Başara, Natan M. Bornstein, Dipan Bose, Soufiane Boufous, Rupert R A Bourne, Lindsay N. Boyers, Michael Brainin, Carol E. Brayne, Alexandra Brazinova, Nicholas J K Breitborde, Hermann Brenner, Adam D. Briggs, Peter M. Brooks, Jonathan C. Brown, Traolach S. Brugha, Rachelle Buchbinder, Geoffrey C. Buckle, Christine M. Budke, Anne Bulchis, Andrew G. Bulloch, Ismael R. Campos-Nonato, Hélène Carabin, Jonathan R. Carapetis, Rosario Cárdenas, David O. Carpenter, Valeria Caso, Carlos A. Castañeda-Orjuela, Ruben E. Castro, Ferrán Catalá-López, Fiorella Cavalleri, Alanur Çavlin, Vineet K. Chadha, Jung Chen Chang, Fiona J. Charlson, Honglei Chen, Wanqing Chen, Peggy P. Chiang, Odgerel Chimed-Ochir, Rajiv Chowdhury, Hanne Christensen, Costas A. Christophi, Massimo Cirillo, Matthew M. Coates, Luc E. Coffeng, Megan S. Coggeshall, Valentina Colistro, Samantha M. Colquhoun, Graham S. Cooke, Cyrus Cooper, Leslie T. Cooper, Luis M. Coppola, Monica Cortinovis, Michael H. Criqui, John A. Crump, Lucia Cuevas-Nasu, Hadi Danawi, Lalit Dandona, Rakhi Dandona, Emily Dansereau, Paul I. Dargan, Gail Davey, Adrian Davis, Dragos V. Davitoiu, Anand Dayama, Diego De Leo, Louisa Degenhardt, Borja Del Pozo-Cruz, Robert P. Dellavalle, Kebede Deribe, Sarah Derrett, Don C. Des Jarlais, Muluken Dessalegn, Samath D. Dharmaratne, Mukesh K. Dherani, Cesar Diaz-Torné, Daniel Dicker, Eric L. Ding, Klara Dokova, E. Ray Dorsey, Tim R. Driscoll, Leilei Duan, Herbert C. Duber, Beth E. Ebel, Karen M. Edmond, Yousef M. Elshrek, Matthias Endres, Sergey P. Ermakov, Holly E. Erskine, Babak Eshrati, Alireza Esteghamati, Kara Estep, Emerito Jose A Faraon, Farshad Farzadfar, Derek F. Fay, Valery L. Feigin, David T. Felson, Seyed Mohammad Fereshtehnejad, Jefferson G. Fernandes, Alize J. Ferrari, Christina Fitzmaurice, Abraham D. Flaxman, Thomas D. Fleming, Nataliya Foigt, Mohammad H. Forouzanfar, F. Gerry R Fowkes, Urbano Fra Paleo, Richard C. Franklin, Thomas Fürst, Belinda Gabbe, Lynne Gaffikin, Fortuné G. Gankpé, Johanna M. Geleijnse, Bradford D. Gessner, Peter Gething, Katherine B. Gibney, Maurice Giroud, Giorgia Giussani, Hector Gomez Dantes, Philimon Gona, Diego González-Medina, Richard A. Gosselin, Carolyn C. Gotay, Atsushi Goto, Hebe N. Gouda, Nicholas Graetz, Harish C. Gugnani, Rahul Gupta, Rajeev Gupta, Reyna A. Gutiérrez, Juanita Haagsma, Nima Hafezi-Nejad, Holly Hagan, Yara A. Halasa, Randah R. Hamadeh, Hannah Hamavid, Mouhanad Hammami, Jamie Hancock, Graeme J. Hankey, Gillian M. Hansen, Yuantao Hao, Hilda L. Harb, Josep Maria Haro, Rasmus Havmoeller, Simon I. Hay, Roderick J. Hay, Ileana B. Heredia-Pi, Kyle R. Heuton, Pouria Heydarpour, Hideki Higashi, Martha Hijar, Hans W. Hoek, Howard J. Hoffman, H. Dean Hosgood, Mazeda Hossain, Peter J. Hotez, Damian G. Hoy, Mohamed Hsairi, Guoqing Hu, Cheng Huang, John J. Huang, Abdullatif Husseini, Chantal Huynh, Marissa L. Iannarone, Kim M. Iburg, Kaire Innos, Manami Inoue, Farhad Islami, Kathryn H. Jacobsen, Deborah L. Jarvis, Simerjot K. Jassal, Sun Ha Jee, Panniyammakal Jeemon, Paul N. Jensen, Vivekanand Jha, Guohong Jiang, Ying Jiang, Jost B. Jonas, Knud Juel, Haidong Kan, André Karch, Corine K. Karema, Chante Karimkhani, Ganesan Karthikeyan, Nicholas J. Kassebaum, Anil Kaul, Norito Kawakami, Konstantin Kazanjan, Andrew H. Kemp, Andre P. Kengne, Andre Keren, Yousef S. Khader, Shams Eldin A Khalifa, Ejaz A. Khan, Gulfaraz Khan, Young Ho Khang, Christian Kieling, Daniel Kim, Sungroul Kim, Yunjin Kim, Yohannes Kinfu, Jonas M. Kinge, Miia Kivipelto, Luke D. Knibbs, Ann Kristin Knudsen, Yoshihiro Kokubo, Soewarta Kosen, Sanjay Krishnaswami, Barthelemy Kuate Defo, Burcu Kucuk Bicer, Ernst J. Kuipers, Chanda Kulkarni, Veena S. Kulkarni, G. Anil Kumar, Hmwe H. Kyu, Taavi Lai, Ratilal Lalloo, Tea Lallukka, Hilton Lam, Qing Lan, Van C. Lansingh, Anders Larsson, Alicia E B Lawrynowicz, Janet L. Leasher, James Leigh, Ricky Leung, Carly E. Levitz, Bin Li, Yichong Li, Yongmei Li, Stephen S. Lim, Maggie Lind, Steven E. Lipshultz, Shiwei Liu, Yang Liu, Belinda K. Lloyd, Katherine T. Lofgren, Giancarlo Logroscino, Katharine J. Looker, Joannie Lortet-Tieulent, Paulo A. Lotufo, Rafael Lozano, Robyn M. Lucas, Raimundas Lunevicius, Ronan A. Lyons, Stefan Ma, Michael F. Macintyre, Mark T. Mackay, Marek Majdan, Reza Malekzadeh, Wagner Marcenes, David J. Margolis, Christopher Margono, Melvin B. Marzan, Joseph R. Masci, Mohammad T. Mashal, Richard Matzopoulos, Bongani M. Mayosi, Tasara T. Mazorodze, Neil W. McGill, John J. McGrath, Martin McKee, Abigail McLain, Peter A. Meaney, Catalina Medina, Man Mohan Mehndiratta, Wubegzier Mekonnen, Yohannes A. Melaku, Michele Meltzer, Ziad A. Memish, George A. Mensah, Atte Meretoja, Francis A. Mhimbira, Renata Micha, Ted R. Miller, Edward J. Mills, Philip B. Mitchell, Charles N. Mock, Norlinah Mohamed Ibrahim, Karzan A. Mohammad, Ali H. Mokdad, Glen L D Mola, Lorenzo Monasta, Julio C Montañez Hernandez, Marcella Montico, Thomas J. Montine, Meghan D. Mooney, Ami R. Moore, Maziar Moradi-Lakeh, Andrew E. Moran, Rintaro Mori, Joanna Moschandreas, Wilkister N. Moturi, Madeline L. Moyer, Dariush Mozaffarian, William T. Msemburi, Ulrich O. Mueller, Mitsuru Mukaigawara, Erin C. Mullany, Michele E. Murdoch, Joseph Murray, Kinnari S. Murthy, Mohsen Naghavi, Aliya Naheed, Kovin S. Naidoo, Luigi Naldi, Devina Nand, Vinay Nangia, K. M Venkat Narayan, Chakib Nejjari, Sudan P. Neupane, Charles R. Newton, Marie Ng, Frida N. Ngalesoni, Grant Nguyen, Muhammad I. Nisar, Sandra Nolte, Ole F. Norheim, Rosana E. Norman, Bo Norrving, Luke Nyakarahuka, In Hwan Oh, Takayoshi Ohkubo, Summer L. Ohno, Bolajoko O. Olusanya, John Nelson Opio, Katrina Ortblad, Alberto Ortiz, Amanda W. Pain, Jeyaraj D. Pandian, Carlo Irwin A Panelo, Christina Papachristou, Eun Kee Park, Jae Hyun Park, Scott B. Patten, George C. Patton, Vinod K. Paul, Boris I. Pavlin, Neil Pearce, David M. Pereira, Rogelio Perez-Padilla, Fernando Perez-Ruiz, Norberto Perico, Aslam Pervaiz, Konrad Pesudovs, Carrie B. Peterson, Max Petzold, Michael R. Phillips, Bryan K. Phillips, David E. Phillips, Frédéric B. Piel, Dietrich Plass, Dan Poenaru, Suzanne Polinder, Daniel Pope, Svetlana Popova, Richie G. Poulton, Farshad Pourmalek, Dorairaj Prabhakaran, Noela M. Prasad, Rachel L. Pullan, Dima M. Qato, D. Alex Quistberg, Anwar Rafay, Kazem Rahimi, Sajjad U. Rahman, Murugesan Raju, Saleem M. Rana, Homie Razavi, K. Srinath Reddy, Amany Refaat, Giuseppe Remuzzi, Serge Resnikoff, Antonio L. Ribeiro, Lee Richardson, Jan Hendrik Richardus, D. Allen Roberts, David Rojas-Rueda, Luca Ronfani, Gregory A. Roth, Dietrich Rothenbacher, David H. Rothstein, Jane T. Rowley, Nobhojit Roy, George M. Ruhago, Mohammad Y. Saeedi, Sukanta Saha, Mohammad Ali Sahraian, Uchechukwu K A Sampson, Juan R. Sanabria, Logan Sandar, Itamar S. Santos, Maheswar Satpathy, Monika Sawhney, Peter Scarborough, Ione J. Schneider, Ben Schöttker, Austin E. Schumacher, David C. Schwebel, James G. Scott, Soraya Seedat, Sadaf G. Sepanlou, Peter T. Serina, Edson E. Servan-Mori, Katya A. Shackelford, Amira Shaheen, Saeid Shahraz, Teresa Shamah Levy, Siyi Shangguan, Jun She, Sara Sheikhbahaei, Peilin Shi, Kenji Shibuya, Yukito Shinohara, Rahman Shiri, Kawkab Shishani, Ivy Shiue, Mark G. Shrime, Inga D. Sigfusdottir, Donald H. Silberberg, Edgar P. Simard, Shireen Sindi, Abhishek Singh, Jasvinder A. Singh, Lavanya Singh, Vegard Skirbekk, Erica Leigh Slepak, Karen Sliwa, Samir Soneji, Kjetil Søreide, Sergey Soshnikov, Luciano A. Sposato, Chandrashekhar T. Sreeramareddy, Jeffrey D. Stanaway, Vasiliki Stathopoulou, Dan J. Stein, Murray B. Stein, Caitlyn Steiner, Timothy J. Steiner, Antony Stevens, Andrea Stewart, Lars J. Stovner, Konstantinos Stroumpoulis, Bruno F. Sunguya, Soumya Swaminathan, Mamta Swaroop, Bryan L. Sykes, Karen M. Tabb, Ken Takahashi, Nikhil Tandon, David Tanne, Marcel Tanner, Mohammad Tavakkoli, Hugh R. Taylor, Braden J. Te Ao, Fabrizio Tediosi, Awoke M. Temesgen, Tara Templin, Margreet Ten Have, Eric Y. Tenkorang, Abdullah S. Terkawi, Blake Thomson, Andrew L. Thorne-Lyman, Amanda G. Thrift, George D. Thurston, Taavi Tillmann, Marcello Tonelli, Fotis Topouzis, Hideaki Toyoshima, Jefferson Traebert, Bach X. Tran, Matias Trillini, Thomas Truelsen, Miltiadis Tsilimbaris, Emin M. Tuzcu, Uche S. Uchendu, Kingsley N. Ukwaja, Eduardo A. Undurraga, Selen B. Uzun, Wim H. Van Brakel, Steven Van De Vijver, Coen H. Van Gool, Jim Van Os, Tommi J. Vasankari, N. Venketasubramanian, Francesco S. Violante, Vasiliy V. Vlassov, Stein Emil Vollset, Gregory R. Wagner, Joseph Wagner, Stephen G. Waller, Xia Wan, Haidong Wang, Jianli Wang, Linhong Wang, Tati S. Warouw, Scott Weichenthal, Elisabete Weiderpass, Robert G. Weintraub, Wang Wenzhi, Andrea Werdecker, Ronny Westerman, Harvey A. Whiteford, James D. Wilkinson, Thomas N. Williams, Charles D. Wolfe, Timothy M. Wolock, Anthony D. Woolf, Sarah Wulf, Brittany Wurtz, Gelin Xu, Lijing L. Yan, Yuichiro Yano, Pengpeng Ye, Gökalp K. Yentür, Paul Yip, Naohiro Yonemoto, Seok Jun Yoon, Mustafa Z. Younis, Chuanhua Yu, Maysaa E. Zaki, Yong Zhao, Yingfeng Zheng, David Zonies, Xiaonong Zou, Joshua A. Salomon, Alan D. Lopez, Theo Vos

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