Four euglycemic glucose-clamp studies by artificial pancreas (Biostator, Miles) have been performed during prolonged fast before and after pharmacological treatment in a patient with insulinoma. In the basal state a high glucose infusion rate (8.9 g/h) was unable to achieve the preselected blood glucose plateau of 80 mg/100 ml. The plasma insulin levels during this first glucose-clamp were comprised between 18 and 50 μU/ml. On the first day of diazoxide treatment (300 mg/die),. the glucose infusion rate decreased to 6.4 g/h, without variation in plasma insulin level, thus suggesting a diazoxide effect independent of the inhibition of insulin secretion. After 7 days of diazoxide treatment, a further reduction of glucose infusion (5.8 g/h), together with a lowering of plasma insulin levels (7-18 μU/ml) was observed. Both in the basal state and during diazoxide treatment a circadian pattern of glucose requirement was noted, with lower glucose need and plasma insulin levels during the night. Surgery was undertaken with glucose-clamp by artificial pancreas; blood glucose level being higher than the preselected value of 80 mg/100 ml, simple monitoring of glycemia was performed. The excision of a single adenoma was followed by a substantial rise in blood glucose 20 min later. An additional glucose-clamp, performed 3 months after surgery showed a dramatic fall of the glucose infusion rate (2.9 g/h) needed to achieve the preselected blood glucose plateau, confirming the completeness of the intervention. This experience shows that glucose-clamp by artificial pancreas may be of great value in the study as well as in the pharmacological and surgical treatment of patients with insulinoma.
- Artificial pancreas
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Internal Medicine
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism