Glutamate controls the induction of GABA-mediated giant depolarizing potentials through AMPA receptors in neonatal rat hippocampal slices

Sonia Bolea, Elena Avignone, Nicola Berretta, Juan V. Sanchez-Andres, Enrico Cherubini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Giant depolarizing potentials (GDPs) are generated by the interplay of the depolarizing action of GABA and glutamate. In this study, single and dual whole cell recordings (in current-clamp configuration) were performed from CA3 pyramidal cells in hippocampal slices obtained from postnatal (P) days P1- to P6-old rats to evaluate the role of ionotropic glutamate receptors in GDP generation. Superfusion of 6-cyano-7-nitroquinoxaline-2,3-dione (CNQX) (10-40 μM) completely blocked GDPs. However, in the presence of CNQX, it was still possible to re-induce the appearance of GDPs with GABA (20 μM) or (RS)-α-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxadepropionate (AMPA) (5 μM). This effect was prevented by the more potent and selective AMPA receptor antagonist GYKI 53655 (50-100 μM). In the presence of GYKI 53655, both kainic or domoic acid (0.1-1 μM) were unable to induce GDPs. In contrast, bath application of D-(-)-2-amino-5-phosphonopentanoic acid (50 μM) or (+)- 3-(2-carboxy-piperazin-4-yl)-propyl-L-phosphonic acid (20 μM) produced only a 37 ± 9% (SE) and 36 ± 11% reduction in GDPs frequency, respectively. Cyclothiazide, a selective blocker of AMPA receptor desensitization, increased GDP frequency by 76 ± 14%. Experiments were also performed with an intracellular solution containing KF to block GABA(A) receptor-mediated responses. In these conditions, a glutamatergic component of GDP was revealed. GDPs could still be recorded synchronous with those detected simultaneously with KCl-filled electrodes, although their amplitude was smaller. Similar results were found in pair recordings obtained from minislices containing only a small portion of the CA3 area. These data suggest that GDP generation requires activation of AMPA receptors by local release of glutamate from recurrent collaterals.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2095-2102
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Neurophysiology
Volume81
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 1999

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Neuroscience(all)

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