We explored the protective activity of glutathione (GSH) in a rat model of carbon tetrachloride-induced acute liver damage. Histological examination of livers from GSH-pretreated rats revealed minor damage, confirmed by biochemical parameters of liver cell necrosis evaluated both 24 and 48 hr after hepatotoxin delivery. In addition we quantified changes in hepatic steady-state levels of albumin, type I procollagen, transforming growth factor-β1 and tumour necrosis factor-α mRNAs. Even at the molecular level and above all for the albumin gene, it appears that GSH lessens the effect of the hepatotoxin, however the protection of the thiol is restricted to the first 24 hrs and is almost totally exhausted after 48 hr. Since, only 24 hr after CCl4 delivery, GSH abundance determined in erythrocytes and liver is almost equal in the controls and in the GSH injected rats, but significantly higher than in the only intoxicated animals (P <0.05, intraerythrocyte content), we conclude that the thiol pretreatment exerts an effective but transient protection.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Pharmacology and Toxicology|
|Publication status||Published - 1997|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis