Type 2 diabetes is a complex disease. One of the strategies put in place to reduce body weight and controlling blood sugar concentrations is the physical exercise. Some studies have shown that physical activity improves glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) concentrations, sensitivity to insulin and lipid profile. The objective of our work was to evaluate available studies that consider HbA1c as an indicator of effectiveness of physical exercise. We included 44 studies (37 randomized and 7 not randomized controlled trials) for a total of 3738 patients. The majority of studies reported a significant improvement of HbA1c concentrations confirming its role as effectiveness indicator. Physical exercise reduced the risk of developing diabetes mellitus in healthy subjects, reduced the cardiovascular risk in type 2 diabetic patients and increased HbA1c concentrations in athletes performing high intensity exercises.
|Translated title of the contribution||Glycated hemoglobin as an effectiveness indicator of physical activity for diabetes control|
|Number of pages||8|
|Publication status||Published - 2014|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Biochemistry
- Biochemistry, medical
- Medical Laboratory Technology