Glycogen synthase kinase 3 has recently been identified as a ubiquitous serine-threonine protein kinase that participates in a multitude of cellular processes and plays an important role in the pathophysiology of a number of diseases. In the present study, we have investigated the effects of 4-benzyl-2-methyl-1,2,4-thiadiazolidine-3,5-dione (TDZD-8), a glycogen synthase kinase 3β inhibitor, on the development of nonseptic shock caused by zymosan (dose, 500 mg/kg i.p. suspension in saline) in mice. Organ failure and systemic inflammation in mice was assessed 18 h after administration of zymosan and/or TDZD-8; another group of mice was monitored for 12 days (for clinical score and mortality). Treatment of mice with TDZD-8 (dose, 10 mg/kg i.p., 1 and 6 h after zymosan administration) attenuated the peritoneal exudation and the migration of polymorphonuclear cells caused by zymosan. TDZD-8 also attenuated the lung, liver, and pancreatic injury, the renal dysfunction caused by zymosan, and the increase in myeloperoxidase activity caused by zymosan in the lung and in the intestine. Immunohistochemical analysis for inducible nitric oxide synthase, nitrotyrosine, poly(ADP-ribose), CD30, CD30 ligand, and Fas ligand revealed positive staining in lung and intestinal tissues obtained from zymosan-injected mice. The degree of staining for inducible nitric oxide synthase, nitrotyrosine, poly(ADP-ribose), CD30, CD30 ligand, and Fas ligand were markedly reduced in tissue sections obtained from zymosan-injected mice that had received TDZD-8. This study provides the first evidence that TDZD-8 attenuates the degree of zymosan-induced, nonseptic shock in mice.
|Number of pages||11|
|Publication status||Published - Jan 2007|
- Inducible nitric oxide synthase
- Nitric oxide
- Zymosan-induced multiple-organ failure
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine