Glycoprotein quality control in the endoplasmic reticulum. Mannose trimming by endoplasmic reticulum mannosidase I times the proteasomal degradation of unassembled immunoglobulin subunits

Claudio Fagioli, Roberto Sitia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Quality control in the endoplasmic reticulum must discriminate nascent proteins in their folding process from terminally unfolded molecules, selectively degrading the latter. Unassembled Ig-μ and J chains, two glycoproteins with five N-linked glycans and one N-linked glycan, respectively, are degraded by cytosolic proteasomes after a lag from synthesis, during which glycan trimming occurs. Inhibitors of mannosidase I (kifunensine), but not of mannosidase II (swainsonine), prevent the degradation of μ chains. Kifunensine also inhibits J chain dislocation and degradation, without inhibiting secretion of IgM polymers. In contrast, glucosidase inhibitors do not significantly affect the kinetics of μ and J degradation. These results suggest that removal of the terminal mannose from the central branch acts as a timer in dictating the degradation of transport-incompetent, glycosylated Ig subunits in a calnexin-independent way. Kifunensine does not inhibit the degradation of an unglycosylated substrate (λ Ig light chains) or of chimeric μ chains extended with the transmembrane region of the α T cell receptor chain, implying the existence of additional pathways for extracting proteins from the endoplasmic reticulum lumen for proteasomal degradation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)12885-12892
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume276
Issue number16
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 20 2001

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mannosyl-oligosaccharide 1,2-alpha-mannosidase
Immunoglobulin Subunits
Trimming
Mannose
Endoplasmic Reticulum
Quality Control
Quality control
Polysaccharides
Glycoproteins
Degradation
Swainsonine
Calnexin
Glucosidases
Proteasome Endopeptidase Complex
T-Cell Antigen Receptor
Immunoglobulin M
Polymers
Proteins
Light
kifunensine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry

Cite this

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abstract = "Quality control in the endoplasmic reticulum must discriminate nascent proteins in their folding process from terminally unfolded molecules, selectively degrading the latter. Unassembled Ig-μ and J chains, two glycoproteins with five N-linked glycans and one N-linked glycan, respectively, are degraded by cytosolic proteasomes after a lag from synthesis, during which glycan trimming occurs. Inhibitors of mannosidase I (kifunensine), but not of mannosidase II (swainsonine), prevent the degradation of μ chains. Kifunensine also inhibits J chain dislocation and degradation, without inhibiting secretion of IgM polymers. In contrast, glucosidase inhibitors do not significantly affect the kinetics of μ and J degradation. These results suggest that removal of the terminal mannose from the central branch acts as a timer in dictating the degradation of transport-incompetent, glycosylated Ig subunits in a calnexin-independent way. Kifunensine does not inhibit the degradation of an unglycosylated substrate (λ Ig light chains) or of chimeric μ chains extended with the transmembrane region of the α T cell receptor chain, implying the existence of additional pathways for extracting proteins from the endoplasmic reticulum lumen for proteasomal degradation.",
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