PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of a new minimally invasive surgical technique for the reconstruction of the medial patellofemoral ligament (MPFL) with fascia lata allograft at 60-month minimum follow-up.
METHODS: Nineteen consecutive patients with chronic recurrent patellar dislocation were treated with MPFL reconstruction (53% isolate procedure, 47% in combination with other treatments). Seventeen patients (11 males/6 females) were available at 60-month follow-up and were clinically evaluated with validated scores. New episodes of patellar dislocation were considered failures. Radiographic and CT scan evaluation were executed preoperatively and at 60-month follow-up.
RESULTS: All clinical scores improved from preoperative assessment to 24-month and 60-month follow-up (p < 0.001). Kujala score increased from 61.2 ± 18.1 to 86.7 ± 8.7 and 82.1 ± 10.2; KOOS increased from 54.5 ± 19 to 86.8 ± 9.6 and 84.3 ± 7.6; VAS for pain decreased from 5.1 ± 2.2 to 2.4 ± 1.5 and 1.7 ± 1.2; Tegner score increased from 3 [2-4] to 5 [3-8] and 5 [3-9], respectively. Objective IKDC improved too. No significant improvements between the 24-month and 60-month follow-up evaluations were recorded. Anterior knee pain was reported in two patients (12%). Treatment failure, a new episode of patellar dislocation 25 months after the surgery, was observed in one patient (6%). Radiographic OA changes were not statistically significant between preop and 60-month follow-up. Tuberosity-troclear groove (TT-TG) distance and the patellar tilt angle were subjected to significant changes due to MPFL reconstruction and associated procedures.
CONCLUSION: MPFL reconstruction with fascia lata allograft, alone or combined with other procedures, is a reliable treatment option for recurrent patellar dislocation with a success rate of 94% and without cartilage deterioration at 60-month follow-up.
LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: IV.