Green tea polyphenols ameliorate pancreatic injury in cerulein-induced murine acute pancreatitis

Benoy I. Babu, Giuseppe Malleo, Tiziana Genovese, Emanuela Mazzon, Rosanna Di Paola, Concetta Crisafulli, Rocco Caminiti, Ajith K. Siriwardena, Salvatore Cuzzocrea

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:: Green tea polyphenols (GTPs) are naturally occurring antioxidants acting through pathways that include reactive oxygen species and nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB). This study investigates the effect of GTPs in a cerulein-induced murine model of acute pancreatitis (AP). METHODS:: Male CD mice (median weight, 37.7 g) were divided into 4 groups: mice administered with cerulein alone, cerulein and GTP, saline alone (sham), and GTP alone. Acute pancreatitis was induced by serial intraperitoneal administration of cerulein (50 μg/kg, ×6). Green tea polyphenol was administered intraperitoneally at 25 mg/kg on the first, third, and sixth hours after pancreatitis induction.We analyzed histologic and biochemical features of AP, NF-κB pathway activity, leukocyte-mediated damage, cytokine levels, oxidative stress injury, lipid peroxidation, expression of poly-(adenosine diphosphate-ribose) synthetase, and presence of apoptosis. RESULTS:: Treatment with GTP reduced the histologic and biochemical features of AP. Western blot revealed significant NF-κB inactivation. Immunostaining for P selectin and intercellular adhesion molecule 1, tumor necrosis factor α, transforming growth factor β, vascular endothelial growth factor, nitrotirosine, poly-(adenosine diphosphate ribose) synthetase, and malondialdheide levels were significantly reduced. There was a significant down-regulation of apoptotic markers. CONCLUSIONS:: Our results demonstrated that GTP significantly ameliorated the effects of cerulein-induced AP in mice. These effects of GTP are mediated by actions at the NF-κB/IkB (inhibitor kB) proteins and oxidative stress pathways.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)954-967
Number of pages14
JournalPancreas
Volume38
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2009

Keywords

  • Acute pancreatitis
  • Cytokines
  • Epigallocatechin-3-gallate
  • Green tea polyphenols
  • Neutrophils
  • Oxidative stress

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Hepatology
  • Internal Medicine

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