Grid infrastructures for computational neuroscience: The neuGRID example

Alberto Redolfi, Richard McClatchey, Ashiq Anjum, Alex Zijdenbos, David Manset, Frederik Barkhof, Christian Spenger, Yannik Legré, Lars Olof Wahlund, Chiara Barattieri Di San Pietro, Giovanni B. Frisoni

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Neuroscience is increasingly making use of statistical and mathematical tools to extract information from images of biological tissues. Computational neuroimaging tools require substantial computational resources and the increasing availability of large image datasets will further enhance this need. Many efforts have been directed towards creating brain image repositories including the recent US Alzheimer Disease Neuroimaging Initiative. Multisite-distributed computing infrastructures have been launched with the goal of fostering shared resources and facilitating data analysis in the study of neurodegenerative diseases. Currently, some Grid- and non-Grid-based projects are aiming to establish distributed e-infrastructures, interconnecting compatible imaging datasets and to supply neuroscientists with the most advanced information and communication technologies tools to study markers of Alzheimer's and other brain diseases, but they have so far failed to make a difference in the larger neuroscience community. NeuGRID is an Europeon comission-funded effort arising from the needs of the Alzheimer's disease imaging community, which will allow the collection and archiving of large amounts of imaging data coupled with Grid-based algorithms and sufficiently powered computational resources. The major benefit will be the faster discovery of new disease markers that will be valuable for earlier diagnosis and development of innovative drugs. The initial setup of neuGRID will feature three nodes equipped with supercomputer capabilities and resources of more than 300 processor cores, 300 GB of RAM memory and approximately 20 TB of physical space. The scope of this article is highlights the new perspectives and potential for the study of the neurodegenerative disorders using the emerging Grid technology.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)703-722
Number of pages20
JournalFuture Neurology
Volume4
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009

Keywords

  • Alzheimer's disease
  • Grid architecture
  • Medical imaging
  • neuGRID
  • Parallel computing
  • Remote experiment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology

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  • Cite this

    Redolfi, A., McClatchey, R., Anjum, A., Zijdenbos, A., Manset, D., Barkhof, F., Spenger, C., Legré, Y., Wahlund, L. O., Di San Pietro, C. B., & Frisoni, G. B. (2009). Grid infrastructures for computational neuroscience: The neuGRID example. Future Neurology, 4(6), 703-722. https://doi.org/10.2217/fnl.09.53