Growing evidence about the relationship between vessel dissection and scuba diving

Simona Brajkovic, Giulietta Riboldi, Alessandra Govoni, Stefania Corti, Nereo Bresolin, Giacomo Pietro Comi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Carotid and vertebral artery dissection are relatively frequent and risky conditions. In the last decade, different patients with extracranial (and in 1 case also intracranial) dissections associated with the practice of scuba diving were reported. The connection between the two conditions has not been fully explained so far. In the present article, we report the case of a patient presenting with Claude Bernard-Horner syndrome and homolateral XII cranial nerve palsy, manifesting a few days after diving in the cold water of a lake. The patient ended up having internal carotid artery dissection associated with the formation of a pseudoaneurysm. Here, we offer a summary of all cases reported in the literature about scuba diving and arterial dissection, and provide a critical discussion about which scuba diving-related factors can trigger the dissection of cervical vessels.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)155-161
Number of pages7
JournalCase Reports in Neurology
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2013


  • Claude Bernard-Horner syndrome
  • Internal carotid dissection
  • Scuba diving
  • XII cranial nerve

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology


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