Growing-Up Milk: A necessity or marketing?

Hildegard Przyrembel, Carlo Agostoni

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Growing-up milk (GUM) products intended for children between 1 and 3 years of age are increasingly being introduced into the diets of young children. Although not a necessity for adequate nutrition of that age group, they can compensate for nutritional deficiencies which may occur in the transition phase of infant nutrition to family food, particularly when bad dietary patterns prevail in the family. For that purpose, GUM should be composed to decrease the overall protein intake which tends to be higher than the reference values for that age. This can be achieved by diluting fat-reduced cow's milk to a protein level comparable to infant or follow-on formulae and by partially replacing cow's milk fat with appropriate vegetable oils to increase the content of essential fatty acids and possibly by adding long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids, docosahexaenoic and arachidonic acids whilst preserving the content of some minerals (such as calcium and phosphorus) and vitamins (B2 and B12) well represented in cow's milk. The content of iron, iodine, zinc and the vitamins A and D should be the same as in a follow-on formula. Based on available evidence, GUM should not be promoted as a necessity in the nutrition of young children.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationWorld Review of Nutrition and Dietetics
PublisherS. Karger AG
Pages49-55
Number of pages7
Volume108
ISBN (Print)9783318024562
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

Publication series

NameWorld Review of Nutrition and Dietetics
Volume108
ISSN (Print)00842230
ISSN (Electronic)16623975

Fingerprint

Marketing
marketing
Milk
milk
nutrition
infant nutrition
Fats
long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids
Arachidonic Acids
essential fatty acids
vitamin B12
riboflavin
phase transition
nutrient deficiencies
Essential Fatty Acids
vitamin D
protein intake
docosahexaenoic acid
iodine
arachidonic acid

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nutrition and Dietetics
  • Food Science
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Przyrembel, H., & Agostoni, C. (2013). Growing-Up Milk: A necessity or marketing? In World Review of Nutrition and Dietetics (Vol. 108, pp. 49-55). (World Review of Nutrition and Dietetics; Vol. 108). S. Karger AG. https://doi.org/10.1159/000351484

Growing-Up Milk : A necessity or marketing? / Przyrembel, Hildegard; Agostoni, Carlo.

World Review of Nutrition and Dietetics. Vol. 108 S. Karger AG, 2013. p. 49-55 (World Review of Nutrition and Dietetics; Vol. 108).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Przyrembel, H & Agostoni, C 2013, Growing-Up Milk: A necessity or marketing? in World Review of Nutrition and Dietetics. vol. 108, World Review of Nutrition and Dietetics, vol. 108, S. Karger AG, pp. 49-55. https://doi.org/10.1159/000351484
Przyrembel H, Agostoni C. Growing-Up Milk: A necessity or marketing? In World Review of Nutrition and Dietetics. Vol. 108. S. Karger AG. 2013. p. 49-55. (World Review of Nutrition and Dietetics). https://doi.org/10.1159/000351484
Przyrembel, Hildegard ; Agostoni, Carlo. / Growing-Up Milk : A necessity or marketing?. World Review of Nutrition and Dietetics. Vol. 108 S. Karger AG, 2013. pp. 49-55 (World Review of Nutrition and Dietetics).
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