Growth delay of human bladder cancer cells by Prostate Stem Cell Antigen downregulation is associated with activation of immune signaling pathways

Emanuele Marra, Paolo Uva, Valentina Viti, Valeria Simonelli, Eugenia Dogliotti, Emanuele De Rinaldis, Armin Lahm, Nicola La Monica, Alfredo Nicosia, Gennaro Ciliberto, Fabio Palombo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Prostate stem cell antigen (PSCA) is a glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI) anchored protein expressed not only in prostate but also in pancreas and bladder cancer as shown by immunohistochemistry and mRNA analysis. It has been targeted by monoclonal antibodies in preclinical animal models and more recently in a clinical trial in prostate cancer patients. The biological role played in tumor growth is presently unknown. In this report we have characterized the contribution of PSCA expression to tumor growth.Methods: A bladder cell line was engineered to express a doxycycline (dox) regulated shRNA against PSCA. To shed light on the PSCA biological role in tumor growth, microarray analysis was carried out as a function of PSCA expression. Expression of gene set of interest was further analyzed by qPCR. Results: Down regulation of the PSCA expression was associated with reduced cell proliferation in vitro and in vivo. Mice bearing subcutaneous tumors showed a reduced tumor growth upon treatment with dox, which effectively induced shRNA against PSCA as revealed by GFP expression. Pathway analysis of deregulated genes suggests a statistical significant association between PSCA downregulation and activation of genes downstream of the IFNα/β receptor.Conclusions: These experiments established for the first time a correlation between the level of PSCA expression and tumor growth and suggest a role of PSCA in counteracting the natural immune response.

Original languageEnglish
Article number129
JournalBMC Cancer
Volume10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 7 2010

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research
  • Genetics

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    Marra, E., Uva, P., Viti, V., Simonelli, V., Dogliotti, E., De Rinaldis, E., Lahm, A., La Monica, N., Nicosia, A., Ciliberto, G., & Palombo, F. (2010). Growth delay of human bladder cancer cells by Prostate Stem Cell Antigen downregulation is associated with activation of immune signaling pathways. BMC Cancer, 10, [129]. https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2407-10-129