Growth factors delivery system for skin regeneration: An advanced wound dressing

Marta Nardini, Sara Perteghella, Luca Mastracci, Federica Grillo, Giorgio Marrubini, Elia Bari, Matteo Formica, Chiara Gentili, Ranieri Cancedda, Maria Luisa Torre, Maddalena Mastrogiacomo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Standard treatments of chronic skin ulcers based on the direct application of dressings still present several limits with regard to a complete tissue regeneration. Innovative strategies in tissue engineering offer materials that can tune cell behavior and promote growth tissue favoring cell recruitment in the early stages of wound healing. A combination of Alginate (Alg), Sericin (SS) with Platelet Lysate (PL), as a freeze-dried sponge, is proposed to generate a bioactive wound dressing to care skin lesions. Biomembranes at different composition were tested for the release of platelet growth factors, cytotoxicity, protective effects against oxidative stress and cell proliferation induction. The highest level of the growth factors release occurred within 48 h, an optimized time to burst a healing process in vivo; the presence of SS differently modulated the release of the factors by interaction with the proteins composing the biomembranes. Any cytotoxicity was registered, whereas a capability to protect cells against oxidative stress and induce proliferation was observed when PL was included in the biomembrane. In a mouse skin lesion model, the biomembranes with PL promoted the healing process, inducing an accelerated and more pronounced burst of inflammation, formation of granulation tissue and new collagen deposition, leading to a more rapid skin regeneration.

Original languageEnglish
Article number120
JournalPharmaceutics
Volume12
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2020

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Keywords

  • Advanced wound dressing
  • Alginate
  • Human platelet lysate
  • Regenerative medicine
  • Sericin
  • Wound healing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmaceutical Science

Cite this

Nardini, M., Perteghella, S., Mastracci, L., Grillo, F., Marrubini, G., Bari, E., Formica, M., Gentili, C., Cancedda, R., Torre, M. L., & Mastrogiacomo, M. (2020). Growth factors delivery system for skin regeneration: An advanced wound dressing. Pharmaceutics, 12(2), [120]. https://doi.org/10.3390/pharmaceutics12020120