Growth hormone abuse: Methods of detection

Antonello E. Rigamonti, Silvano G. Cella, Nicoletta Marazzi, Luigi Di Luigi, Alessandro Sartorio, Eugenio E. Müller

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


In the past two decades, growth hormone (GH) has been considered as a performance-enhancing drug in the sport world, certainly favoured by the awareness that there is not yet an approved method for detecting its abuse. Because resting or random measurements of plasma GH concentrations per se are meaningless, new methods have been devised to evaluate plasma levels of GH-sensitive substances that are more stable, and hence detectable, than the hormone itself. This review discusses some of the most recently proposed approaches, including a diagnostic algorithm, based on the timed application of different tests, which, collectively, would have a high diagnostic capability.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)160-166
Number of pages7
JournalTrends in Endocrinology and Metabolism
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - May 2005

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism


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