Patients with dementia of the Alzheimer type (DAT) reportedly have reduced concentrations and function of some brain messengers, particularly acetylcholine and somatostatin, not only in the cerebral cortex, but also in subcortical structures, e.g., the hippocampus and the hypothalamus. We wished to determine the responsive pattern of DAT patients to neurohormonal and pharmacologic probes affecting growth hormone (GH) release through an interaction with hypothalamic cholinergic and somatostatinergic (SS) neurons. In 10 DAT patients, pyridostigmine (120 mg orally, p.o.), an inhibitor of acetylcholinesterase, induced an increase in GH levels similar to that elicited by the drug in age-matched controls. In 9 DAT patients, administration of GH-releasing hormone (GHRH, 1 μg/kg body weight, intravenously, i.v.) induced an increase in plasma GH not different from that evidenced in control subjects. In DAT patients the GHRH-induced GH increase was completely inhibited by pretreatment with atropine (1 mg intramuscularly, i.m., 15 min before administration of GHRH). These findings are considered to indicate that in DAT patients, hypothalamic cholinergic and somatostatinergic neurons involved in control of somatotropic function are preserved.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Alzheimer Disease and Associated Disorders|
|Publication status||Published - 1992|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Geriatrics and Gerontology
- Psychiatry and Mental health