Growth on poly(l-lactic acid) porous scaffold preserves CD73 and CD90 immunophenotype markers of rat bone marrow mesenchymal stromal cells

Alessandra Zamparelli, Nicoletta Zini, Luca Cattini, Giulia Spaletta, Davide Dallatana, Elena Bassi, Fulvio Barbaro, Michele Iafisco, Salvatore Mosca, Annapaola Parrilli, Milena Fini, Roberto Giardino, Monica Sandri, Simone Sprio, Anna Tampieri, Nadir M. Maraldi, Roberto Toni

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Few data are available on the effect of biomaterials on surface antigens of mammalian bone marrow-derived, adult mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs). Since poly(l-lactic acid) or PLLA is largely used in tissue engineering of human bones, and we are developing a reverse engineering program to prototype with biomaterials the vascular architecture of bones for their bioartificial reconstruction, both in humans and animal models, we have studied the effect of porous, flat and smooth PLLA scaffolds on the immunophenotype of in vitro grown, rat MSCs in the absence of any coating, co-polymeric enrichment, and differentiation stimuli. Similar to controls on plastic, we show that our PLLA scaffold does not modify the distribution of some surface markers in rat MSCs. In particular, the maintained expression of CD73 and CD90 on two different subpopulations (small and large cells) is consistent with their adhesion to the PLLA scaffold through specialized appendages, and to their prominent content in actin. In addition, our PLLA scaffold favours retention of the intermediate filament desmin, believed a putative marker of undifferentiated state. Finally, it preserves all rat MSCs morphotypes, and allows for their survival, adhesion to the substrate, and replication. Remarkably, a subpopulation of rat MSCs grown on our PLLA scaffold exhibited formation of membrane protrusions of uncertain significance, although in a size range and morphology compatible with either motility blebs or shedding vesicles. In summary, our PLLA scaffold has no detrimental effect on a number of features of rat MSCs, primarily the expression of CD73 and CD90.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2421-2436
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Materials Science: Materials in Medicine
Volume25
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 20 2014

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Biomaterials
  • Bioengineering
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Medicine(all)

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    Zamparelli, A., Zini, N., Cattini, L., Spaletta, G., Dallatana, D., Bassi, E., Barbaro, F., Iafisco, M., Mosca, S., Parrilli, A., Fini, M., Giardino, R., Sandri, M., Sprio, S., Tampieri, A., Maraldi, N. M., & Toni, R. (2014). Growth on poly(l-lactic acid) porous scaffold preserves CD73 and CD90 immunophenotype markers of rat bone marrow mesenchymal stromal cells. Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Medicine, 25(10), 2421-2436. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10856-014-5259-4