Percorso metodologico per l'elaborazione delle linee guida sull'intervento psicologico in Cardiologia Riabilitativa

Translated title of the contribution: Guidelines on psychological intervention in cardiac rehabilitation - Methodological process

Marinella Sommaruga, Roberto Tramarin, Elisabetta Angelino, Ornella Bettinardi, Maria Antonella Cauteruccio, Massimo Miglioretti, Marco Monti, Antonia Pierobon, Cinzia Sguazzin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The development and the role of cardiac rehabilitation in healthcare programs related to cardiovascular diseases has led to the growth of knowledge, experience and specific technical, scientific, organizational and cultural skills on the part of the different health professionals engaged with the cardiologist in the management of rehabilitation programs. The need to define the characteristics of the psychological intervention in cardiac rehabilitation programs on the basis of scientific evidence encouraged the Board of the Italian Group of Cardiac Rehabilitation and Prevention [Gruppo Italiano di Cardiologia Riabilitativa e Preventiva (GICR)] to set up a working group (WG), composed of psychologists chosen on the basis of their proven specific experience in clinical research, with the task of defining the state-of-the-art of the psychological intervention in cardiac rehabilitation on the basis of documented efficacy, as a first step to formulating Guidelines on Psychological Intervention in Cardiac Rehabilitation. The methodology adopted by the WG was in line with the recommendations of the National Guidelines Program of the Italian Ministry of Health; the WG chose, in addition, to exploit a detailed critical review of clinical psychology practice in order to provide systematic evidence for recommendations and clinical approaches at present supported only by expert opinion. The document, which represents the basis upon which the Guidelines on the psychological activity in cardiac rehabilitation will be drawn up, is subdivided into three parts: an introduction, the main body of the text, and some appendices. In the introduction, the theme and context of the Guidelines are defined, preceded by a series of notes and user instructions; also defined in this section are the intended audience. The main body of the document is structured on the basis of the steps that characterize the interactions between the patient suffering from heart disease and the psychologist, through a qualitative analysis of the intervention offered by the psychologist. The phases of this process have been schematized as follows: selection, entry, evaluation, intervention, follow-up. For each of these phases, the evidence is given in support of the evaluative and therapeutic tools at the psychologist's disposition in the context of cardiac rehabilitation. The appendices to the document contain syntheses of the scientific information, some tables, a glossary and a section providing more in-depth information on specific topics. The recommendations contained in the document elaborated by the WG were formulated on the basis of a systematic review of the evidence available in the Italian and international literature, codified according to the National Guidelines Program. Also included is a series of recommendations or working instructions based on the shared clinical experience of the members of the WG. The state of progress of the work of formulating the Guidelines, the objectives, the methodological premises and the deadlines set for the phases of development, diffusion and implementation were presented at the VI National Congress of the GICR which was held in Cosenza, 3-5 October 2002. The base-draft of the document was submitted to the Scientific Committee of Reviewers. In October 2002 the Executive Committee of the GICR announced to the National Guidelines Program of the Ministry of Health, in the persons of the Presidents of the Advanced Institute of Health and of the Regional Health Services Agency, the planning and the timetable for the formulation of the Guidelines. In the course of the first 4 months of 2003 the document produced will be discussed and reviewed jointly by the WG, the Cardiologic Scientific Board instituted by the GICR enlarged to include a delegate of the patient and volunteer no-profit worker associations. The following phases will include the publication by mid 2003 of a position-paper. The final draft of the Guidelines on Psychological Intervention in Cardiac Rehabilitation will be submitted to the Commission of the National Guidelines Program.

Translated title of the contributionGuidelines on psychological intervention in cardiac rehabilitation - Methodological process
Original languageItalian
Pages (from-to)40-44
Number of pages5
JournalMonaldi Archives for Chest Disease - Cardiac Series
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2003

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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