Guillain-Barrè Syndrome, as part of the spectrum of dysimmune neuropathies, is unexpected to occur in immunocompromised hosts. We describe a clinical case of Guillain-Barrè syndrome, occurred a few weeks after a liver transplant, and we postulate that our case would satisfy all requirements to explain this peripheral nervous system complication as a clinical manifestation of an Immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome. In this setting of liver transplantation, complicated by potentially multiple infective triggers, reduction of immunosuppression and reversal of pathogen-induced immunosuppression, through antimicrobial therapy, may have led to pro-inflammatory response. The pro-inflammatory pattern would have sustained the pathophysiologic mechanism of this immune neuropathy.
- Acute demyelinating polyneuropathy
- Guillain-Barré syndrome
- Immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome
- Liver transplantation
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Neurology