Gut microbiota characterisation in obese patients before and after bariatric surgery

G. Campisciano, S. Palmisano, C. Cason, M. Giuricin, M. Silvestri, M. Guerra, D. Macor, N. De Manzini, L. S. Crocé, M. Comar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Intestinal microbiota analysis of obese patients after bariatric surgery showed that Proteobacteria decreased after laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (SG), while it increased after laparoscopic gastric bypass (LGB). Comparing to normal weight (NW) patients, obese patients that were selected for SG showed an almost equal amount of Firmicutes and Bacteroidetes and the ratio was not affected by the surgery. Obese patients before LGB showed a predominance of Bacteroidetes, whose amount regained a relative abundance similar to NW patients after surgery. Obese patients before LGB showed the predominance of Bacteroides, which decreased after surgery in favour of Prevotella, a bacterium associated with a healthy diet. The bacteria detected at the highest percentages belonged to biofilm forming species. In conclusion, in this study, we found that the characterization of the gut microbial communities and the modality of mucosal colonisation have a central role as markers for the clinical management of obesity and promote the maintenance of good health and the weight loss.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)367-373
Number of pages7
JournalBeneficial microbes
Volume9
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2018

Keywords

  • Laparoscopic gastric bypass
  • Microbiome
  • Obesity
  • Sleeve gastrectomy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology
  • Microbiology (medical)

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