Haemodynamics and mechanics following partial left ventriculectomy: A computer modeling analysis

Alberto Redaelli, Francesco Maisano, Monica Soncini, Ottavio Alfieri, Franco Maria Montevecchi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Mechanics following partial left ventriculectomy is still poorly understood. A computational cylindrical model of the left ventricle was developed, based on the myocardial fibre behaviour for the evaluation of the mechanical and haemodynamical effects of the operation. A healthy left ventricle with physiological geometry and function and a dilated hypokinetic heart were investigated. Haemodynamic and mechanical data were obtained at baseline and compared with those obtained at different degrees of volume reduction. Data included: ejection fraction (EF); stroke volume (SV); end-systolic and end-diastolic pressure-volume relationships (ESPVR and EDPVR), and efficiency. EF increases following volume reduction in both simulation but, concurrently, SV shows modest improvement (dilated ventricle) or reduction (healthy ventricle) at progressive degrees of resection. The ESPVR and EDPVR slope increases and shifts leftward with the resection extent, but the increase of the ESPVR slope is more pronounced in dilated ventricle. Efficiency is improved in the dilated heart after resections, while does not improve when the healthy-heart volume is reduced. The simulation of partial left ventriculectomy suggests an improvement of systolic performance, counterbalanced by increased diastolic stiffness following inverse remodelling. Efficiency of simulated dilated ventricles is enhanced by volume reduction, suggesting a favourable effect of reduction of the metabolic demand of the failing heart.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)31-42
Number of pages12
JournalMedical Engineering and Physics
Volume26
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2004

Keywords

  • Computer modeling
  • Dilated cardiomyopathy
  • Partial left ventriculectomy
  • Ventricular energetics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Psychology(all)

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