Hand sensory-motor cortical network assessed by functional source separation

Camillo Porcaro, Giulia Barbati, Filippo Zappasodi, Paolo M. Rossini, Franca Tecchio

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The functional source separation procedure (FSS) was applied to identify the activities of the primary sensorimotor areas (SMl) devoted to hand control. FSS adds a functional constraint to the cost function of the basic independent component analysis, and obtains source activity all along different processing states. Magnetoencephalographic signals from the left SM1 were recorded in 14 healthy subjects during a simple sensorimotor paradigm - galvanic right median nerve stimuli mterrningled with submaximal isometric thumb opposition. Two functional sources related to the sensory flow in the primary cortex were extracted requiring maximal responsiveness to the nerve stimulation at around 20 and 30 ms (S1a, S1b). Maximal cortico-muscular coherence was required for the extraction of the motor source (M1). Sources were multiplied by the Euclidean norm of their corresponding weight vectors, allowing amplitude comparisons among sources in a fixed position. In all subjects, S1a, S1b, M1 were successfully obtained, positioned consistently with the SM1 organization, and behaved as physiologically expected during the movement and processing of the sensory stimuli. The M1 source reacted to the nerve stimulation with higher intensity at latencies around 30 ms than around 20 ms. The FSS method was demonstrated to be able to obtain the dynamics of different primary cortical network activities, two devoted mainly to sensory inflow, and the other to the motor control of the contralateral hand. It was possible to observe each source both during pure sensory processing and during motor tasks. In all conditions, a direct comparison of source intensities can be achieved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)70-81
Number of pages12
JournalHuman Brain Mapping
Volume29
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2008

Keywords

  • Cortico-muscular coherence
  • Functional constraint
  • Independent component analysis (ICA)
  • Magnetoencephalography (MEG)
  • Primary sensorimotor cortex (SM1)
  • Somatosensory-evoked fields (SEF)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Radiological and Ultrasound Technology

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