Haplogroup T is an obesity risk factor: Mitochondrial DNA haplotyping in a morbid obese population from southern Italy

Carmela Nardelli, Giuseppe Labruna, Rosario Liguori, Cristina Mazzaccara, Maddalena Ferrigno, Valentina Capobianco, Massimo Pezzuti, Giuseppe Castaldo, Eduardo Farinaro, Franco Contaldo, Pasqualina Buono, Lucia Sacchetti, Fabrizio Pasanisi

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Abstract

Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) haplogroups have been associated with the expression of mitochondrial-related diseases and with metabolic alterations, but their role has not yet been investigated in morbid obese Caucasian subjects. Therefore, we investigated the association between mitochondrial haplogroups and morbid obesity in patients from southern Italy. The mtDNA D-loop of morbid obese patients (n=500; BMI > 40 kg/m2) and controls (n=216; BMI <25 kg/m2) was sequenced to determine the mtDNA haplogroups. The T and J haplogroup frequencies were higher and lower, respectively, in obese subjects than in controls. Women bearing haplogroup T or J had twice or half the risk of obesity. Binomial logistic regression analysis showed that haplogroup T and systolic blood pressure are risk factors for a high degree of morbid obesity, namely, BMI > 45 kg/m2 and in fact together account for 8% of the BMI. In conclusion, our finding that haplogroup T increases the risk of obesity by about two-fold, suggests that, besides nuclear genome variations and environmental factors, the T haplogroup plays a role in morbid obesity in our study population from southern Italy.

Original languageEnglish
Article number631082
JournalBioMed Research International
Volume2013
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Immunology and Microbiology(all)
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Nardelli, C., Labruna, G., Liguori, R., Mazzaccara, C., Ferrigno, M., Capobianco, V., Pezzuti, M., Castaldo, G., Farinaro, E., Contaldo, F., Buono, P., Sacchetti, L., & Pasanisi, F. (2013). Haplogroup T is an obesity risk factor: Mitochondrial DNA haplotyping in a morbid obese population from southern Italy. BioMed Research International, 2013, [631082]. https://doi.org/10.1155/2013/631082