Haploidentical Allogeneic Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation for Multiple Myeloma Using Post-Transplantation Cyclophosphamide Graft-versus-Host Disease Prophylaxis

Luca Castagna, Alberto Mussetti, Raynier Devillier, Alida Dominietto, Magda Marcatti, Giuseppe Milone, Francesco Maura, Chiara de Philippis, Benedetto Bruno, Sabine Furst, Didier Blaise, Paolo Corradini, Vittorio Montefusco

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Allogeneic (allo) hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) currently represents the only potentially curative therapy for patients affected by multiple myeloma (MM). Up to 30% of patients in western countries do not have a matched donor. Haploidentical HCT (haplo-HCT) may be an option, but currently, there are little available data regarding this treatment. We analyzed survival outcomes of 30 heavily pretreated MM patients who received haplo-HCT with post-transplantation cyclophosphamide as graft-versus-host-disease (GVHD) prophylaxis. Median neutrophil and platelet engraftments at day +30 were 87% (95% confidence interval [CI], 66% to 95%) and 60% (95% CI, 40% to 75%), respectively. The cumulative incidences of relapse or progression of disease (PD) and nonrelapse mortality at 18 months were 42% (95% CI, 23% to 59%) and 10% (95% CI, 2% to 24%), respectively. The cumulative incidence of grade II to IV acute GVHD at day +100 was 29% (95% CI, 14% to 47%). The cumulative incidence of chronic GVHD at 18 months was 7% (95% CI, 1% to 21%). With a median follow-up in survivors of 25 months (range, 15 to 73 months), the 18-month progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) were 33% (95% CI, 17% to 50%) and 63% (95% CI, 44% to 78%), respectively. No differences were observed between peripheral blood and bone marrow graft in terms of engraftment, GVHD, or PD incidence. Chemorefractory disease at transplantation was associated with a lower/reduced 18-month PFS (9% versus 47%, P = .01) and OS (45% versus 74%, P = .03). This was explained by a higher PD incidence (55% versus 33%, P = .05). In this multicenter study, we report encouraging results with haplo-HCT for patients with heavily pretreated MM.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1549-1554
Number of pages6
JournalBiology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation
Volume23
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2017

Keywords

  • Journal Article

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