Haploinsufficiency of ATP1A2 encoding the Na+/K+ pump α2 subunit associated with familial hemiplegic migraine type 2

Maurizio De Fusco, Roberto Marconi, Laura Silvestri, Luigia Atorino, Luca Rampoldi, Letterio Morgante, Andrea Ballabio, Paolo Aridon, Giorgio Casari

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Headache attacks and autonomic dysfunctions characterize migraine, a very common, disabling disorder with a prevalence of 12% in the general population of Western countries1,2. About 20% of individuals affected with migraine experience aura, a visual or sensory-motor neurological dysfunction that usually precedes or accompanies the headache3. Although the mode of transmission is controversial4, population-based and twin studies have implicated genetic factors, especially in migraine with aura5,6. Familial hemiplegic migraine is a hereditary form of migraine characterized by aura and some hemiparesis. Here we show that mutations in the gene ATP1A2 that encodes the α2 subunit of the Na+/K+ pump are associated with familial hemiplegic migraine type 2 (FHM2) linked to chromosome 1q23 (OMIM 602481). Functional data indicate that the putative pathogenetic mechanism is triggered by a loss of function of a single allele of ATP1A2. This is the first report associating mutations of Na+K+ pump subunits to genetic diseases.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)192-196
Number of pages5
JournalNature Genetics
Volume33
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 1 2003

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics(clinical)
  • Genetics

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