Haplotype analyses of the c.1027C>T and c.2167_2168delAT recurrent truncating mutations in the breast cancer-predisposing gene PALB2

Irene Catucci, Silvia Casadei, Yuan Chun Ding, Sara Volorio, Filomena Ficarazzi, Anna Falanga, Marina Marchetti, Carlo Tondini, Michela Franchi, Aaron Adamson, Jessica Mandell, Tom Walsh, Olufunmilayo I. Olopade, Siranoush Manoukian, Paolo Radice, Charite Ricker, Jeffrey Weitzel, Mary Claire King, Paolo Peterlongo, Susan L. Neuhausen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: Breast cancer-predisposing mutations PALB2 c.1027C>T (p.Gln343*) and PALB2 c.2167_2168delAT have each been observed multiple times in breast cancer families of Italian ancestry. More recently, the c2167_2168delAT mutation was identified in unrelated breast cancer cases of various ancestries. For each mutation, we investigated whether the origin was multiple mutational events (a “hot-spot”) or a single event (a founder allele). Methods: We genotyped and reconstructed haplotypes for 36 participants of Italian, Italian-American, Hispanic, and Nigerian ancestries, using seven short tandem repeat (STR) markers that covered 3 Megabases within and flanking PALB2 on chromosome 16. Results: For PALB2 c.1027C>T, a shared haplotype with a minimum size of 150 kb was shared by all 19 carriers investigated, all of Italian ancestry. This result suggests that this allele arose as a single event in a shared ancestor. For PALB2 c.2167_2168delAT, all 12 carriers from American-Italian and Italian families shared a 1-Mb haplotype, the 3 Hispanic carriers shared a different haplotype of size 2 Mb, and the Nigerian carrier had different alleles at all 7 STR markers. These results suggest that PALB2 c.2167_2168delAT arose multiple times, but that within each population, PALB2 c.2167_2168delAT likely represents a single mutational event. Conclusion: We identified two PALB2 mutations that are founder alleles in Italian families, one of which is, independently, also a founder mutation in American-Hispanic breast cancers.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)121-129
Number of pages9
JournalBreast Cancer Research and Treatment
Volume160
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 1 2016

Keywords

  • Breast cancer
  • Founder mutations, Haplotype
  • PALB2

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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