Has color Doppler a role in the evaluation of mammary lesions? A schematic review of color Doppler diagnostic criteria, indicating a benign or malignant lesion, are described.Malignant tumors have a tendency to show increased vascularization, but avascular tumors may be found as well as hypervascular benign tumors.Number of vessels, blood-flow velocity, and intra-tumoral vessel resistance assessed by color Doppler ultrasonography don't permit clear differentiation between malignant and benign tumors, but intra-tumoral blood-flow analysis well correlates with aggressiveness and histological grade of the mass, so a preoperative assessment using Color Doppler may give preliminary prognostic informations useful for therapeutic planning.Color Doppler ultrasound may be valuable also in assessing the efficacy of neoadjuvant chemotherapy and in particular of antiangiogenesis treatments.Color Doppler ultrasound has many other useful applications in the evaluation of diseases of the female and male breast, that are reviewed in the paper.Color Doppler however is not conceived as a stand-alone examination, but associated with B-mode ultrasound that is quite effective as a diagnostic tool, often not requiring Doppler informations.
- Color Doppler
- Mammary lesions
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
- Internal Medicine