Hashimoto's thyroiditis predicts outcome in intrathyroidal papillary thyroid cancer

Vincenzo Marotta, Concetta Sciammarella, Maria Grazia Chiofalo, Claudio Gambardella, Claudio Bellevicine, Marica Grasso, Giovanni Conzo, Giovanni Docimo, Gerardo Botti, Simona Losito, Giancarlo Troncone, Maurizio De Palma, Laura Giacomelli, Luciano Pezzullo, Annamaria Colao, Antongiulio Faggiano

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Abstract

Hashimoto's thyroiditis (HT) seems to have favourable prognostic impact on papillary thyroid cancer (PTC), but data were obtained analysing all disease stages. Given that HT-related microenvironment involves solely the thyroid, we aimed to assess the relationship between HT, as detected through pathological assessment, and outcome in intrathyroidal PTC. This was a multicentre, retrospective, observational study including 301 PTC with no evidence of extrathyroidal disease. Primary study endpoint was the rate of clinical remission. Auxiliary endpoint was recurrence-free survival (RFS). HT was detected in 42.5% of the cohort and was associated to female gender, smaller tumour size, lower rate of aggressive PTC variants and less frequent post-surgery radio-iodine administration. HT showed relationship with significantly higher rate of clinical remission (P < 0.001, OR 4, 95% CI 1.78-8.94). PTCs with concomitant HT had significantly longer RFS, as compared with non-HT tumours (P = 0.004). After adjustment for other parameters affecting disease outcome at univariate analysis (age at diagnosis, histology, tumour size and multifocality), prognostic effect of HT remained significant (P = 0.006, OR 3.28, 95% CI 1.39-7.72). To verify whether HT could optimise the identification of PTCs with unfavourable outcome, we assessed the accuracy of 'non-HT status' as negative prognostic marker, demonstrating poor capability of identifying patients not maintaining clinical remission until final follow-up (probability of no clinical remission in PTCs without HT: 21.05%, 95% CI 15.20-27.93). In conclusion, our data show that HT represents an independent prognostic parameter in intrathyroidal PTC, but cannot improve prognostic specificity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)485-493
Number of pages9
JournalEndocrine-Related Cancer
Volume24
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2017

Keywords

  • Journal Article

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    Marotta, V., Sciammarella, C., Chiofalo, M. G., Gambardella, C., Bellevicine, C., Grasso, M., Conzo, G., Docimo, G., Botti, G., Losito, S., Troncone, G., De Palma, M., Giacomelli, L., Pezzullo, L., Colao, A., & Faggiano, A. (2017). Hashimoto's thyroiditis predicts outcome in intrathyroidal papillary thyroid cancer. Endocrine-Related Cancer, 24(9), 485-493. https://doi.org/10.1530/ERC-17-0085