Head injury, subarachnoid hemorrhage and intracranial pressure monitoring in Italy

Nino Stocchetti, L. Longhi, S. Magnoni, E. Roncati Zanier, K. Canavesi, W. I. Steudel, D. W. Marion

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background. Intracranial pressure monitoring is recommended for the management of severe head injury and is increasingly used during intensive care for other pathologies, such as subarachnoid hemorrhage. However, it is still not uniformly applied in different centers. The objectives of this paper are to summarize the frequency and the modalities of intracranial pressure (ICP) monitoring in different centers in Italy; to describe its use in traumatic brain injury (TBI) and in subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH); and to identify areas for improvement. Method. The medical directors of either the neurosurgical department or the intensive care unit, or both, of every Italian neurosurgical center were personally interviewed. They answered specific questions about TBI and SAH patients admitted, and ICP monitoring used, in their units. Data were cleared of any obvious inconsistencies and entered in a database for analysis. All analyses were based simply on the data declared. Findings. The clinical information was obtained from 9137 TBI cases, of whom 4240 severe, and 3151 SAH patients. Among the 106 participating centers, 15 did not use ICP monitoring at all. The remaining 91 had used 3293 ICP devices during the year 2001; 146 were used in tumor cases, 2009 in TBI, and 1138 in SAH. Twenty-two percent of TBI cases admitted to centers with ICP equipment were monitored. Restricting this analysis to severe cases, 47% of TBI with a GCS

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)761-765
Number of pages5
JournalActa Neurochirurgica
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - Sep 1 2003


  • Intracranial pressure monitoring
  • Subarachnoid hemorrhage
  • Traumatic brain injury

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Surgery


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