Health and economic impact associated with a quadrivalent HPV vaccine in Italy

F. S. Mennini, P. Giorgi Rossi, F. Palazzo, N. Largeron

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the health impact and cost-effectiveness of introducing a human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination programme with a quadrivalent vaccine alongside the existing cervical cancer screening programme in comparison to the current context in Italy. Methods: A US Markov model was adapted to the Italian context, assuming under base case 80% vaccine coverage rate, lifetime duration of protection in a cohort of girls aged 12 years and discount rates of 1.5% and 3% for health benefits and costs, respectively, and estimating direct medical costs. Results: The HPV vaccination in association with the current screening programme would allow to avoid 1432 cases of cervical cancer (- 63.3%) and 513 deaths (- 63.4%) compared to screening only, with an incremental cost-effectiveness ratio (ICER) of €9569 per additional quality-adjusted life-year (QALY) gained. The sensitivity analysis highlighted that this model was robust to all parameters presenting uncertainties as the ICERs ranged from €2,781 to €48,122 per QALY gained. Conclusion: This study showed that HPV vaccination in adolescent girls would be a beneficial and cost-effective public health programme in Italy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)370-376
Number of pages7
JournalGynecologic Oncology
Volume112
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2009

Keywords

  • Adolescents
  • Cervical cancer
  • Cost-effectiveness analysis
  • Human papillomavirus
  • Italy
  • Vaccination

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynaecology
  • Oncology

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