Health-care cost reduction resulting from primary-care allergy testing in children in Italy.

Niklas Zethraeus, Carl Johan Petersson, Massimiliano Dozzi, Magnus P. Borres, Giulio Vignati, Alessandro Fiocchi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Allergy places a considerable cost burden on society. Specific immunoglobulin E (spIgE) testing may improve the management of allergy patients. There is therefore a reason to quantify the economic consequences of the use of spIgE testing in the diagnosis of allergic conditions. METHODS: The expected costs of spIgE testing versus no-testing were calculated using a clinical decision model based on a prospective clinical trial performed in primary care. RESULTS: The expected costs per patient over 2 years decreased from 802 euros in the "no-test strategy" to 560 euros in the spIgE "test strategy". Cost savings persisted even after assumptions about the prevalence of allergy and the prices of medications were changed. The "test strategy" increased the percentage of patients correctly diagnosed from 54 to 87%. CONCLUSIONS: spIgE testing of children with respiratory and/or skin problems in primary care in Italy reduces overall costs to society. These cost savings mostly result from a reduction in the use of medications, particularly corticosteroids. The study indicates that spIgE testing of all children with respiratory and/or skin symptoms would be a cost-effective strategy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)61
Number of pages1
JournalItalian Journal of Pediatrics
Volume36
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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