Stato di salute dei residenti nei pressi di un'acciaieria.

Translated title of the contribution: Health conditions of the general population living near a steel plant

Claudia Casella, Elsa Garrone, Valerio Gennaro, Maria Antonietta Orengo, Antonella Puppo, Emanuele Stagnaro, Paolo Viarengo, Marina Vercelli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the health conditions (period 1986-2003) of the residents in Cornigliano, a district of Genoa (Italy), exposed to air pollution produced by a steel plant with coke-ovens. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Three epidemiological investigations were performed: on all mortality causes; on tumors incidence; on hospitalizations for respiratory diseases. The studies are based on the Regional Mortality Registry, the Ligurian Tumor Registry and the regional hospital discharge records. We calculated both the standardized mortality (SMR) and incidence (SIR) ratios with 95% confidence limits, and we have compared the hospitalization rates in two Cornigliano subareas with different pollution levels; the "rest of Genoa" represents the general reference. RESULTS: In Cornigliano the total mortality is statistically higher among males (SMR 123; n. 1684) and females (SMR 148; n. 2160); in particular all tumours, prostate, brain and emolymphopoietic system were significantly higher among males, while colon-rectum and NOS intestine tumours were higher among females. SMRs were statistically higher in both genders for degenerative illnesses of the nervous central system, brain circulatory disorders and liver cirrhosis; only in males for respiratory tract illnesses and in females for myocardial heart attacks. The incidence has increased to a statistically significant extent among males for all cancer sites (SIR 110; n. 821), and for larynx, brain and emolymphopoietic system tumours. Hospitalizations for respiratory illnesses appear to be higher in the most polluted area among males (age 0-14), and decreased after closing the coke-oven plant (2002). CONCLUSIONS: Results of these studies suggest that air pollution in Cornigliano may have a role on populations health conditions.

Original languageItalian
Pages (from-to)77-86
Number of pages10
JournalEpidemiologia e prevenzione
Volume29
Issue number5-6 Suppl
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2005

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Steel
Mortality
Health
Coke
Population
Hospitalization
Air Pollution
Neoplasms
Registries
Incidence
Hospital Records
Brain Diseases
Larynx
Rectum
Brain Neoplasms
Liver Cirrhosis
Respiratory System
Italy
Intestines
Prostate

Cite this

Casella, C., Garrone, E., Gennaro, V., Orengo, M. A., Puppo, A., Stagnaro, E., ... Vercelli, M. (2005). Stato di salute dei residenti nei pressi di un'acciaieria. Epidemiologia e prevenzione, 29(5-6 Suppl), 77-86.

Stato di salute dei residenti nei pressi di un'acciaieria. / Casella, Claudia; Garrone, Elsa; Gennaro, Valerio; Orengo, Maria Antonietta; Puppo, Antonella; Stagnaro, Emanuele; Viarengo, Paolo; Vercelli, Marina.

In: Epidemiologia e prevenzione, Vol. 29, No. 5-6 Suppl, 09.2005, p. 77-86.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Casella, C, Garrone, E, Gennaro, V, Orengo, MA, Puppo, A, Stagnaro, E, Viarengo, P & Vercelli, M 2005, 'Stato di salute dei residenti nei pressi di un'acciaieria.', Epidemiologia e prevenzione, vol. 29, no. 5-6 Suppl, pp. 77-86.
Casella C, Garrone E, Gennaro V, Orengo MA, Puppo A, Stagnaro E et al. Stato di salute dei residenti nei pressi di un'acciaieria. Epidemiologia e prevenzione. 2005 Sep;29(5-6 Suppl):77-86.
Casella, Claudia ; Garrone, Elsa ; Gennaro, Valerio ; Orengo, Maria Antonietta ; Puppo, Antonella ; Stagnaro, Emanuele ; Viarengo, Paolo ; Vercelli, Marina. / Stato di salute dei residenti nei pressi di un'acciaieria. In: Epidemiologia e prevenzione. 2005 ; Vol. 29, No. 5-6 Suppl. pp. 77-86.
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