Health-related quality of life measures and psychiatric comorbidity in patients with migraine

M. Mula, M. Viana, R. Jauch, B. Schmitz, D. Bettucci, A. E. Cavanna, G. Strigaro, M. G. Tota, H. Israel, U. Reuter, F. Monaco

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background and purpose: The identification of factors associated to health-related quality of life (HRQoL) measures in patients with migraine has major implications in terms of prognosis and treatment. This study aimed at investigating associations between HRQoL and comorbid mood and anxiety disorders. Methods: Consecutive adult outpatients with a diagnosis of migraine with or without aura were assessed using the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview (M.I.N.I.) Plus version 5.0.0 and the Migraine-Specific Quality-of-Life Questionnaire (MSQ). Results: Data of 112 patients (82 females), 69 without aura, mean age 41.2 ± 13.3 years were analyzed. According to the M.I.N.I., 50% patients had a lifetime or current DSM-IV diagnosis of mood or anxiety disorder. There was no between-groups difference in MSQ total and subscale scores in relation to the presence/absence of psychiatric comorbidity, independently whether that was current or lifetime. In the group of subjects with psychiatric disorders, age at onset of migraine correlated with MSQ-total (rho = -0.407 P = 0.002), and subscale scores (Role Function-Restrictive, rho = -0.397, P = 0.002; Emotional Function, rho = -0.487, P <0.001). Conclusions: Our findings suggest that current and/or lifetime psychiatric comorbidities are not associated with HRQoL measures in patients with migraine. However, patients with migraine and psychiatric comorbidities may represent a specific subgroup deserving particular attention for targeted interventions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1017-1021
Number of pages5
JournalEuropean Journal of Neurology
Volume16
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2009

Keywords

  • Anxiety
  • Depression
  • Migraine
  • Psychiatric comorbidity
  • Quality of life

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Neurology

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