Healthy eating, physical activity, and sleep hygiene (HEPAS) as the winning triad for sustaining physical and mental health in patients at risk for or with neuropsychiatric disorders: Considerations for clinical practice

Matteo Briguglio, Jacopo Antonino Vitale, Roberta Galentino, Giuseppe Banfi, Carlotta Zanaboni Dina, Alberto Bona, Giancarlo Panzica, Mauro Porta, Bernardo Dell’osso, Ira David Glick

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Neuropsychiatric disorders stem from gene-environment interaction and their development can be, at least in some cases, prevented by the adoption of healthy and protective lifestyles. Once full blown, neuropsychiatric disorders are prevalent conditions that patients live with a great burden of disability. Indeed, the determinants that increase the affliction of neuropsychiatric disorders are various, with unhealthy lifestyles providing a significant contribution in the interplay between genetic, epigenetic, and environmental factors that ultimately represent the pathophysiological basis of these impairing conditions. On one hand, the adoption of Healthy Eating education, Physical Activity programs, and Sleep hygiene promotion (HEPAS) has the potential to become one of the most suitable interventions to reduce the risk to develop neuropsychiatric disorders, while, on the other hand, its integration with pharmacological and psychological therapies seems to be essential in the overall management of neuropsychiatric disorders in order to reduce the disability and improve the quality of life of affected patients. We present an overview of the current evidence in relation to HEPAS components in the prevention and management of neuropsychiatric disorders and provide suggestions for clinical practice.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)55-70
Number of pages16
JournalNeuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
Volume16
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2020

Keywords

  • Diet
  • Motor activity
  • Neuropsychiatry
  • Quality of health care
  • Sleep

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Biological Psychiatry

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