Coronary artery disease represents the leading cause of death for HIV patients treated with highly active antiretroviral treatment. Besides this, an extensive amount of data related to the risk of overt heart failure and consequently of atrial fibrillation and sudden cardiac death (SCD) in this population has been reported. It seems that persistent deregulation of immunity in HIV-infected patients is a common pathway related to both of these adverse clinical outcomes. Despite the fact that atrial fibrillation and heart failure are relatively common in HIV, few data are reported about screening, diagnosis, and potential treatment of these conditions.
- cardiovascular magnetic resonance
- late gadolinium enhancement
- left atrium
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine