Heart failure in patients with human immunodeficiency virus: A review of the literature

Margherita Cannillo, Fabrizio D'Ascenzo, Walter Grosso Marra, Enrico Cerrato, Andrea Calcagno, Pierluigi Omedè, Stefano Bonora, Massimo Mancone, Dario Vizza, James J. Dinicolantonio, Martina Pianelli, Umberto Barbero, Sebastiano Gili, Umberto Annone, Alessio Raviola, Davide Salera, Elisa Mistretta, Ilaria Vilardi, Chiara Colaci, Antonio AbbateGiuseppe Biondi Zoccai, Claudio Moretti, Fiorenzo Gaita

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Coronary artery disease represents the leading cause of death for HIV patients treated with highly active antiretroviral treatment. Besides this, an extensive amount of data related to the risk of overt heart failure and consequently of atrial fibrillation and sudden cardiac death (SCD) in this population has been reported. It seems that persistent deregulation of immunity in HIV-infected patients is a common pathway related to both of these adverse clinical outcomes. Despite the fact that atrial fibrillation and heart failure are relatively common in HIV, few data are reported about screening, diagnosis, and potential treatment of these conditions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)383-389
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Cardiovascular Medicine
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - May 7 2015


  • cardiovascular magnetic resonance
  • late gadolinium enhancement
  • left atrium

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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