Heart failure woman: Does she make any difference?

Cristina Opasich, Federica De Giuli, Giuseppina Majani, Antonia Pierobon, Stefania De Feo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Significant differences between sexes may influence the prevalence, incidence and severity of the heart failure syndrome. These differences may also interfere with treatment and management. In this review sex differences and similarities have been analyzed focusing on epidemiology, drug therapy and psychological implications. Pathophysiological differences but also a selection bias are evident; such differences bear an influence on clinical management. Gender differences exist even in the health-related quality of life, depression and coping ability. No studies have been specifically designed to investigate gender differences and the exclusion of elderly persons (mainly women) from large trials may compromise the quality of their care.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4-16
Number of pages13
JournalItalian Heart Journal
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2003


  • Heart failure
  • Sex

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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