Heart rate as cardiovascular risk factor

Gino Seravalle, Guido Grassi

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Heart rate is a parameter that is widely used by the general population as a marker of health. The availability of wearable electronic heart rate monitoring devices and use of specific apps are widely used both at rest and during daily life activities. Resting heart rate values gained more relevance with the evidence of association between elevated heart rate values at rest and diseases and adverse events. Also longitudinal studies demonstrated a clear association between increase in heart rate over time and cardiovascular and all-cause mortality. The increased knowledge of physiological mechanisms of heart rate control and the pathophysiological mechanisms responsible for its dysfunction allows identification of the cutoff value of normalcy. This information can be used to select non-pharmacological and pharmacological interventions to reduce the cardiovascular risk both in the general population and in patients with pathophysiological conditions. This review provides an overview of the current knowledge of resting heart rate as cardiovascular risk factor.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)358-367
Number of pages10
JournalPostgraduate Medicine
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - May 18 2020


  • autonomic nervous system
  • cardiovascular diseases
  • mortality
  • Resting heart rate
  • risk factors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)


Dive into the research topics of 'Heart rate as cardiovascular risk factor'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this