Heart rate overshoot at the beginning of muscle exercise

P. Feroldi, M. Belleri, G. Ferretti, A. Veicsteinas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

A characteristic notch in the heart rate (fc) on-response at the beginning of square-wave exercise is described in 7 very fit marathon runners and 12 sedentary young men, during cycle tests at 30% and 60% of maximal oxygen consumption (VO2max). The (fc) notch revealed a fc overshoot with respect to the (fc) values predicted from exponential beat-by-beat fitted models. While at 30% of (VO2max). all subjects showed a fc over-shoot, at 60% of (VO2max). it occurred in the marathon runners but not in the sedentary subjects. The mean time of occurrence of the fc overshoot from the onset of the exercise was 16.7 (SD 4.7) s and 12.2 (SD 3.2) s at 30% of (VO2max). in the runners and the sedentary subjects respectively, and 23.8 (SD 8.8) s at 60% of (VO2max). in the runners. The amplitude of the overshoot, with respect to rest, was 41 (SD 12) beats·min-1and 31 (SD 4) beats·min-1 at 30% of (VO2max). in the runners and the sedentary subjects respectively, and 46 (SD 19) beats·min-1 at 60% of (VO2max). in the runners. The existence and the amplitude of the fc overshoot may have been related to central command and muscle heart reflex mechanisms and thus may have been indicators of changes in the balance between sympathetic and parasympathetic activity occurring in fit and unfit subjects.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)8-12
Number of pages5
JournalEuropean Journal of Applied Physiology and Occupational Physiology
Volume65
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1992

Keywords

  • Exertion - Heart rate control system
  • Heart rate overshoot
  • Square-wave exercise

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Physiology

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