Heat shock induces preferential translation of ERGIC-53 and affects its recycling pathway

Carmen Spatuzza, Maurizio Renna, Raffaella Faraonio, Giorgia Cardinali, Gianluca Martire, Stefano Bonatti, Paolo Remondelli

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Abstract

ERGIC-53 is a lectin-like transport receptor protein, which recirculates between the ER and the Golgi complex and is required for the intracellular transport of a restricted number of glycoproteins. We show in this article that ERGIC-53 accumulates during the heat shock response. However, at variance with the unfolded protein response, which results in enhanced transcription of ERGIC-53 mRNA, heat shock leads only to enhanced translation of ERGIC-53 mRNA. In addition, the half-life of the protein does not change during heat shock. Therefore, distinct signal pathways of the cell stress response modulate the ERGIC-53 protein level. Heat shock also affects the recycling pathway of ERGIC-53. The protein rapidly redistributes in a more peripheral area of the cell, in a vesicular compartment that has a lighter sedimentation density on sucrose gradient in comparison to the compartment that contains the majority of ERGIC-53 at 37 °C. This effect is specific, as no apparent reorganization of the endoplasmic reticulum, intermediate compartment and Golgi complex is morphologically detectable in the cells exposed to heat shock. Moreover, the anterograde transport of two unrelated reporter proteins is not affected. Interestingly, MCFD2, which interacts with ERGIC-53 to form a complex required for the ER-to-Golgi transport of specific proteins, is regulated similarly to ERGIC-53 in response to cell stress. These results support the view that ERGIC-53 alone, or in association with MCFD2, plays important functions during cellular response to stress conditions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)42535-42544
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume279
Issue number41
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 8 2004

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry

Cite this

Spatuzza, C., Renna, M., Faraonio, R., Cardinali, G., Martire, G., Bonatti, S., & Remondelli, P. (2004). Heat shock induces preferential translation of ERGIC-53 and affects its recycling pathway. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 279(41), 42535-42544. https://doi.org/10.1074/jbc.M401860200