A total of 290 children off therapy after acute lymphoblastic leukemia, in continuous complete remission for at least 2 years, were evaluated for height at the onset of the disease and at the most recent clinical visit (median time after suspension of treatment 4 years 4 months, range 2 years-11 years 3 months). All patients had been treated with multidrug schedules; intrathecal drugs had been given to 84% of the patients for prevention of CNS involvement, associated with radiotherapy. The height percentiles at the most recent examination were shifted downward significantly compared with the expected pattern (p <0.001). The effect on stature was much more marked in girls, with a reduction of height percentiles at most recent examination from expected and from diagnosis; in males there was a reduction from diagnosis to latest follow-up, but the values were within the limits of normal. The short stature was mostly observed in pubertal girls and in patients who had undergone radiotherapy.
- Acute leukemia
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
- Cancer Research
- Management of Technology and Innovation