Helicobacter pylori and gastroesophageal reflux disease: A cross sectional study

Marco Scarpa, Imerio Angriman, Daniela Prando, Lino Polese, Cesare Ruffolo, Fabio Pilon, Francesco Erroi, Claudia Mescoli, Vito Ninfo, Davide F. D'Amico, Lorenzo Norberto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background\Aims: Helicobacter Pylori (H. Pylori) is a key pathogenetic factor in gastritis, peptic ulcer disease, gastric carcinoma and lymphoma but its relationship with gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is controversial. The aim of the study is to estimate the possible association between the presence of H. pylori and GERD. Methodology: In this retrospective study we examined the endoscopy and pathology reports of all the 638 consecutive patients who had upper gastrointestinal endoscopy and adequate mucosal sampling in 2005 in our department at the University of Padova. Yates corrected X 2 test was used to compare the H. Pylori frequency in the different histological groups. Multinomial logistic regression was used to identify possible predictors of H. Pylori infection. Results: In this selected population 133 patients were affected by H. Pylori infection (20.8%) and 107 were affected by GERD according to Montreal definition. No significant relation between H. Pylori infection and GERD or NERD (non erosive reflux disease) was evidenced. As expected histological gastritis at the examination confirmed to be the strongest predictor of infection with a odds ratio of 39.4 (95% CI 5.4-287.4, p

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)69-75
Number of pages7
JournalHepato-Gastroenterology
Volume58
Issue number105
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2011

Keywords

  • Gastritis
  • GERD
  • Helicobacter pylori
  • NERD

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gastroenterology
  • Hepatology

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